April 23, 2008
History Of Television
Did you know?
- Invented in 1929, television was first introduced to the public at a World’s Fair in 1939.
- At first, television received mixed reviews because there was little to watch and picture quality was poor.
- The first television station license was issued by the Federal Communications Commission on July 1, 1941.
- The first licenses issued were for commercial stations. Thus, television began in the United States as a vehicle for selling goods and services while providing entertainment.
- Only 20 years later, in the early 1960s, the first educational stations (later Public Broadcasting) began offering programs with the aim to educate and enrich people’s lives.
- WWII delayed the formation of television broadcasting till the late 1940s.
- From the late 1940s to the mid-1950s three main broadcasting networks emerged: CBS, NBC, and ABC.
- Today, most viewers (with cable or satellite) have access to an average of 202.6 available channels (Television Bureau of Advertising, 2001).
- In 1950, only 9% of U.S. households owned a television (Television Bureau of Advertising, 2001).
- By 1955, within five years, 64.5% of U.S. households owned a TV (Television Bureau of Advertising, 2001).
- By 1965 at least one TV was in 92.6% of U.S. households, and presently TVs, at 98.2% (99.9% of those are color), are in virtually every household (Television Bureau of Advertising, 2001).
- Signals can be received virtually everywhere–either over the airwaves, by cable, or by satellite.
- In 1970, about 7% of homes had cable television (Donnerstein, 1994).
- When HBO started sending signals via satellite in 1975, cable TV started to realize its capability and by 1990 it reached 56.4% of U.S. households. Currently wired cable television has reached 69.4% of television households (Television Bureau of Advertising, 2001).
- 78% of adults surveyed report that they have home cable or satellite television (National Public Radio, 2000).
- In 1970, VCR’s were hardly seen in homes. Now VCRs are a media staple in over 90% of American households (Lyman, 2002). Though, DVD players, with digital capability, are fast becoming the norm.
- On the horizon is Digital TV. With Internet and television convergence, the stage is set for interactive television.
- Donnerstein, E., Slaby, R.G., and Eron, L.D. “The mass media and youth aggression,” Reason to Hope: A Psychosocial Perspective On Violence and Youth, Leonard D. Eron, et al., editors. American Psychological Association, 1994.
- Lyman, Rick (2002, August 26). Revolt in the den: DVD has VCR headed for the attic. The New York Times, pA1.
- National Public Radio (2000). NPR/Kaiser/Kennedy school poll: Kids & technology survey, 2000. Accessed at: http://www.npr.org/programs/specials/poll/technology/ (last visited 10/29/02).
- Television Bureau of Advertising (2001). Media trends track: TV basics. (last visited 10/24/02).